battle of germantown

After dusk on October 3, the American army began the 16 miles (26 km) march south toward Germantown in complete darkness. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2007. Slideshow compiled of three years of re-enactment footage. Donate today to help preserve the battlefields where George WashingtonWilliam Howe and thousands of others fought for the country. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington.The British victory in this battle ensured that Philadelphia, the … The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. The Americans planned a four pronged attack. The Americans' most serious challenge was at Cliveden. Washington reinforced to 11,000 troops and decided to attack using a plan similar to the one that he employed at Trenton in December 1776. A thick fog clouded the battlefield throughout the day. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. Military Heritage 6 (February 2005): 46-55. Howe had stationed two British brigades in the village, commanded by General James Grant, … It called for the simultaneous advance of four different units of troops — moving by night. The Battle Of Germantown. The vanguard of Sullivan's column, on Germantown Road, launched the battle when they opened fire on the British pickets of light infantry at Mount Airy just as the sun was rising at around 5:00 am. However, the victory provided few strategic gains for the British and the valiant effort of the Continental Army proved that the rebels could take on the full brunt of the British Army and survive, bolstering their confidence to fight another day. Visit the Schedule of Events for more information. Agnew was not a major player in the battle, arriving on the scene towards the end of the day’s confused and intense fighting, but he was a British general nonetheless. He decided to attack and destroy the enemy detachment at Germantown using a double envelopment. Armies - American Forces was commanded by Gen. George Washington and consisted of about 11,000 Soldiers. Tell a Friend Print Event Description. The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. A minor result from the battle was the dismissal of General Stephen who was drunk during the battle. George Washington, commanding an army of 8,000 Continentals and 3,000 militiamen, sensed an opportunity. General John Sullivan would attack with the main force while General Nathanael Greene attacked on the flank. A late-comer to this list of folklore heroes was Hans Boyer, the supposed assailant of Gen. James Agnew at the battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777. This page was last changed on 23 August 2018, at 08:08. This painting depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown, fought on October 4, 1777. Courtesy of the United States Military Academy Dept. The Battle of Germantown in October 1777 was Washington’s second defeat in a month and it caused many to question his leadership. Our Digital Encyclopedia has all of the answers students and teachers need. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. Lawrence: The University Press of Kansas, 2003. The American retreat was also aided by the onset of darkness. The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. After Howe had occupied Philadelphia, Washington attacked British troops at Germantown. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. Howe encamped at Germantown, Pennsylvania, seven miles northeast of Philadelphia, with 9,000 men, while other troops garrisoned the city and moved against American forts obstructing the Delaware River. The Philadelphia Campaign: Germantown and the Roads to Valley Forge. As a result, the attack failed, and the American troops were forced to withdraw.. In an open space in the centre was the Market house, Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September, the British had occupied Philadelphia, the American capital. In an open space in … Mount Vernon is owned and maintained in trust for the people of the United States by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union, a private, non-profit organization. He was replaced by Marquis de Lafayette. Washington, on the advice of artillery commander Henry Knox, decided to attack the sturdy building rather than isolate it with a small force. The battle at Germantown swirls around the Chew House at the center of the battlefield. Washington’s Army lost roughly 700 men killed and wounded. Battle: Germantown War: American Revolution Date of the Battle of Germantown: 4 th October 1777 Place of the Battle of Germantown: North of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States of America. The Continental Army had suffered defeats trying to protect the city at the Battles of Brandywine and Paoli. The year and date that the Battle of Germantown took place on Saturday, October 04, 1777. He decided to attack and destroy the enemy detachment at Germantown using a double envelopment. George Washigton's decision to attack British positions around Philadelphia in the fall of 1777 was a bold one that reflected his inherent confidence and gambler's nature. On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. How Well Do You Know the Revolutionary War? Much like at Trenton, he divided his army so as to attack the British from multiple directions at dawn. On the opposite end of the field 1,500 New Jersey and Maryland militiamen arrived too late to participate in any major fighting. The Battle of Brandywine, fought just outside of Philadelphia on September 11, 1777, resulted in an overarching British victory and the conquest of the rebel seat of government. As the attack was to occur before dawn, the soldiers were instructed to put a piece of white paper on their hat to identify friend from foe.The Americans were not detected b… The Battle of Germantown was fought on October 4, 1777 in the Philadelphia suburb of Germantown, Pennsylvania between General William Howe's British forces and General Georg Washington's American forces. From the mansion to lush gardens and grounds, intriguing museum galleries, immersive programs, and the distillery and gristmill. The Mount Vernon Ladies Association has been maintaining the Mount Vernon Estate since they acquired it from the Washington family in 1858. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. General John Sullivan leading troops at the Battle of Brandywine fought prior to Battle of Germantown. The Battle of Germantown In early October, Washington conceived a bold plan of attack on Howe's 9,000 troop garrison stationed in Germantown. The British recaptured their camp and then drove the weary Americans back to their original positions, relieving the men holed up in Cliveden. HOME - HISTORY MAPS - Battle of GERMANTOWN 1777. Battle of Germantown, (October 4, 1777), in the American Revolution, abortive attack by 11,000 American troops upon 9,000 British regulars stationed at Germantown (now part of Philadelphia) under General Sir William Howe. Battle of Germantown. Discover the Home of George and Martha Washington. The British force in the village totaled 9,000 men. Bibliography:McGuire, Thomas J. Approximately 100 British soldiers took refuge in Cliveden, a large stone mansion, while the British withdrew. Map of the Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777. BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN. Washington set his plan into motion on the night of October 3. Battle of Germantown Definition: The Battle of Germantown was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in North America during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). British Forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of about12,500 Soldiers. Discover what made Washington "first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen". The British were so shocked to find a large force of American soldiers that some were cut off from the main body; 120 men under British Colonel Musgrave took shelter in the large stone house of Chief Justice Benjamin Chew, known as Cliveden. Michael P. Gabriel, Ph.D.Kutztown University. To make matters worse, Sullivan’s men were also beginning to run low on ammunition, causing their fire to slacken. The militia, under General William Smallwood, would target the British extreme right and rear. Battle of Germantown. 3200 Mount Vernon Memorial HighwayMount Vernon, Virginia 22121. Howe encamped at Germantown, Pennsylvania, seven miles northeast of … Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. Luckily, Greene’s column arrived in time to engage the British before they could rout Wayne. He received that opportunity a week later when British General William Howe divided his army. The year and date that the Battle of Germantown took place on Saturday, October 04, 1777. Battle of Germantown. 372 Battle of Germantown. The British pickets resisted American advance and fired their guns in alarm. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. An annual reenactment of the Battle Of Germantown and the Cliveden estate. Voice over is text-to-speech version of script of the events of that foggy morning on October 4, 1777. Add to Google Calendar. Facts about the Battle of Germantown. The British won this battle thus … The British suffered more than 500 casualties of their own. The Washington Library is open to all researchers and scholars, by appointment only. N the evening after the battle of Brandywine, General Howe sent a party to Wilmington, who seized in bed Mr. M'Kinlay, governor, of the state of Delaware, and took a shallop lying in the rivulet loaded with the rich effects of some of the inhabitants, together with the public records of the county, and other … Add to Google Calendar. The morning was foggy, and American coordination broke down. The Battle of Germantown, was fought on October 4, 1777, between the American army led by George Washington British Army and the British who fought under Sir William Howe.. British casualties were estimated to be 71 killed, 450 … Germantown’s pride in its Revolutionary past was reinforced by a specious tale involving John D. Rockefeller, who invested millions to recreate an 18th-century town in Williamsburg, Virginia. battle of germantown. The next day, September 26 th, he and Lt. General Cornwallis entered Philadelphia leading a procession of two brigade … This page was last changed on 23 August 2018, at 08:08. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Here the Americans are … Despite losing the battle, Germantown actually helped the Americans in winning the war. © 2021 Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association. The British force in the village totaled 9,000 men. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. All Rights Reserved. Today, the Revolutionary Germantown Festival keeps the tradition alive, energizing the community with a day of family entertainment and Battle of Germantown reenactments. In an article in sandcastles.netthe military journal of Lt. George Ewing, who fought in the Battle of Germantown was published. Luckily, the darkness at night and the army's weaponry helped them retreat from Germantown. Still, the British were greatly surprised that an opponent whom they believed was beaten could launch such a fierce attack. Although Howe received some intelligence of an impending attack, he did little to prepare in advance. Commanders:American: George WashingtonBritish: William Howe, American Casualties: Killed: 152Wounded: 521Captured: 438, British Casualties: Killed: 71Wounded: 448Missing: 14. For the past 60 years, the image shown below has puzzled historians. The morale of … Need help with homework? 03 Oct. 2020 | 09:00 86 Day(s) Ago . The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. Map of the United States: Battle Sites 1689-1945. close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. Such distractions allowed Howe time to organize a counterattack with fresh troops. United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 6401 Germantown Ave - Cliveden. On the far right flank, John Armstrong's Pennsylvanians held a Hessian detachment in place but did little more. The Battle of Germantown was yet another British victory with staggering consequences for the Continental Army: 700 men were killed, and 400 were captured. Battle of Germantown. The Americans planned a four pronged attack. Germantown in Pennsylvania is part of the city of Philadelphia today but in 1777 it was an outlying community. As a result, the attack failed, and the American troops were forced to withdraw.. While only suffering around 500 themselves, Sullivan ’ s and Wayne ’ s army lost 700... Challenge was at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites Washington Library is open to all researchers scholars... 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